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07/10/2020

ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct

Psychologists do not solicit testimonials from current therapy clients/patients or other persons who because of their particular circumstances are vulnerable to undue influence. (2002). This Ethics Code is intended to provide specific standards to cover most situations encountered by psychologists. The Code became effective on June 1, 2003. (See also Standard 1.02, Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority.). 10.08 Sexual Intimacies with Former Therapy Clients/Patients 7.02 Descriptions of Education and Training Programs American Psychological Association. This Ethics Code applies to these activities across a variety of contexts, such as in person, postal, telephone, Internet, and other electronic transmissions. The Ethics Code is not intended to be a basis of civil liability. Psychologists do not present portions of another's work or data as their own, even if the other work or data source is cited occasionally. 9.02 Use of Assessments (See also Standards 8.02, Informed Consent to Research; 9.03, Informed Consent in Assessments; and 10.01, Informed Consent to Therapy.). Under no circumstances may this standard be used to justify or defend violating human rights. The Ethics Code is intended to provide guidance for psychologists and standards of professional conduct that can be applied by the APA and by other bodies that choose to adopt them. Psychologists do not engage in sexual harassment. Psychologists do not accept as therapy clients/patients persons with whom they have engaged in sexual intimacies. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. The American Psychological Association’s Council of Representatives adopted this version of the APA Ethics Code during its meeting on Aug. 21, 2002. Psychologists obtain informed consent from research participants prior to recording their voices or images for data collection unless (1) the research consists solely of naturalistic observations in public places, and it is not anticipated that the recording will be used in a manner that could cause personal identification or harm, or (2) the research design includes deception, and consent for the use of the recording is obtained during debriefing. (See also Standard 3.09, Cooperation with Other Professionals. (a) Psychologists base the opinions contained in their recommendations, reports, and diagnostic or evaluative statements, including forensic testimony, on information and techniques sufficient to substantiate their findings. (a) Psychologists include in written and oral reports and consultations, only information germane to the purpose for which the communication is made. (b) If psychologists will be precluded by law or by organizational roles from providing such information to particular individuals or groups, they so inform those individuals or groups at the outset of the service. 1.01 Misuse of Psychologists' Work Sexual harassment is sexual solicitation, physical advances, or verbal or nonverbal conduct that is sexual in nature, that occurs in connection with the psychologist's activities or roles as a psychologist, and that either (1) is unwelcome, is offensive, or creates a hostile workplace or educational environment, and the psychologist knows or is told this or (2) is sufficiently severe or intense to be abusive to a reasonable person in the context. (a) When psychologists agree to provide services to several persons who have a relationship (such as spouses, significant others, or parents and children), they take reasonable steps to clarify at the outset (1) which of the individuals are clients/patients and (2) the relationship the psychologist will have with each person. 1.03 Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands Request PDF | On Jul 1, 2013, Gerald P. Koocher and others published Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate This does not preclude psychologists from requiring that such individuals or groups be responsible for costs associated with the provision of such information. (a) Psychologists do not engage in sexual intimacies with former clients/patients for at least two years after cessation or termination of therapy. Request copies of the APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct from the APA Order Department, 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, or phone (202) 336-5510. The development of a dynamic set of ethical standards for psychologists' work-related conduct requires a personal commitment and lifelong effort to act ethically; to encourage ethical behavior by students, supervisees, employees, and colleagues; and to consult with others concerning ethical problems. Psychologists do not deny persons employment, advancement, admissions to academic or other programs, tenure, or promotion, based solely upon their having made or their being the subject of an ethics complaint. (c) Except where precluded by the actions of clients/patients or third-party payors, prior to termination psychologists provide pretermination counseling and suggest alternative service providers as appropriate. 7.05 Mandatory Individual or Group Therapy When institutional approval is required, psychologists provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. (1968). Psychologists do not disclose in their writings, lectures, or other public media, confidential, personally identifiable information concerning their clients/patients, students, research participants, organizational clients, or other recipients of their services that they obtained during the course of their work, unless (1) they take reasonable steps to disguise the person or organization, (2) the person or organization has consented in writing, or (3) there is legal authorization for doing so. ), (b) Psychologists conducting intervention research involving the use of experimental treatments clarify to participants at the outset of the research (1) the experimental nature of the treatment; (2) the services that will or will not be available to the control group(s) if appropriate; (3) the means by which assignment to treatment and control groups will be made; (4) available treatment alternatives if an individual does not wish to participate in the research or wishes to withdraw once a study has begun; and (5) compensation for or monetary costs of participating including, if appropriate, whether reimbursement from the participant or a third-party payor will be sought. Regardless of whether the scoring and interpretation are done by psychologists, by employees or assistants, or by automated or other outside services, psychologists take reasonable steps to ensure that explanations of results are given to the individual or designated representative unless the nature of the relationship precludes provision of an explanation of results (such as in some organizational consulting, preemployment or security screenings, and forensic evaluations), and this fact has been clearly explained to the person being assessed in advance. It consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, six General … Psychologists responsible for education and training programs take reasonable steps to ensure that the programs are designed to provide the appropriate knowledge and proper experiences, and to meet the requirements for licensure, certification, or other goals for which claims are made by the program. 2.06 Personal Problems and Conflicts Psychologists do not knowingly make public statements that are false, deceptive, or fraudulent concerning their research, practice, or other work activities or those of persons or organizations with which they are affiliated. (See also Standards 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others; 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality; 9.01, Bases for Assessments; 9.06, Interpreting Assessment Results; and 9.07, Assessment by Unqualified Persons. This standard does not preclude an instructor from modifying course content or requirements when the instructor considers it pedagogically necessary or desirable, so long as students are made aware of these modifications in a manner that enables them to fulfill course requirements. Psychologists do not publish, as original data, data that have been previously published. Psychologists do not knowingly engage in behavior that is harassing or demeaning to persons with whom they interact in their work based on factors such as those persons' age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status. The APA has previously published its Ethics Code as follows: American Psychological Association. @inproceedings{Koocher2013EthicalPO, title={Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct}, author={G. Koocher and J. Norcross and B. Greene}, year={2013} } 1. (See also Standards 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality; 4.04, Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy; and 4.05, Disclosures. Psychologists may refrain from releasing test data to protect a client/patient or others from substantial harm or misuse or misrepresentation of the data or the test, recognizing that in many instances release of confidential information under these circumstances is regulated by law. This information must be made readily available to all interested parties. General Principles, as opposed to Ethical Standards, are aspirational in nature. 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority 1.08 Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents ), 10.09 Interruption of Therapy Sexual harassment can consist of a single intense or severe act or of multiple persistent or pervasive acts. Psychologists strive to benefit those with whom they work and take care to do no harm. (See also Standards 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality, and 6.04, Fees and Financial Arrangements. ), 6.06 Accuracy in Reports to Payors and Funding Sources 5.01 Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements 10.05 Sexual Intimacies with Current Therapy Clients/Patients The standards in this Ethics Code will be used to adjudicate complaints brought concerning alleged conduct occurring on or after the effective date. APA Ethical Principles for Psychologists and Code of Conduct also provides three hours of credit toward the continuing education Ethics requirement for Licensed Psychologists in Texas. Have you ever been to a psychologist? This does not preclude republishing data when they are accompanied by proper acknowledgment. If the conflict is unresolvable via such means, psychologists may adhere to the requirements of the law, regulations, or other governing legal authority.Under no circumstances may this standard be used to justify or defend violating human rights. The procedures for filing, investigating, and resolving complaints of unethical conduct are described in the current Rules and Procedures of the APA Ethics Committee. (b) Psychologists disclose confidential information without the consent of the individual only as mandated by law, or where permitted by law for a valid purpose such as to (1) provide needed professional services; (2) obtain appropriate professional consultations; (3) protect the client/patient, psychologist, or others from harm; or (4) obtain payment for services from a client/patient, in which instance disclosure is limited to the minimum that is necessary to achieve the purpose. This Ethics Code provides a common set of principles and standards upon which psychologists build their professional and scientific work. 8.07 Deception in Research General Principles, in contrast to Ethical Standards, do not represent obligations and should not form the basis for imposing sanctions. The modifiers used in some of the standards of this Ethics Code (e.g., reasonably, appropriate, potentially) are included in the standards when they would (1) allow professional judgment on the part of psychologists, (2) eliminate injustice or inequality that would occur without the modifier, (3) ensure applicability across the broad range of activities conducted by psychologists, or (4) guard against a set of rigid rules that might be quickly outdated. Faculty advisors discuss publication credit with students as early as feasible and throughout the research and publication process as appropriate. Psychologists establish relationships of trust with those with whom they work. The services are discontinued as soon as the emergency has ended or appropriate services are available. The Ethics Code consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, five General Principles (A-E), and specific Ethical Standards. 5.03 Descriptions of Workshops and Non-Degree-Granting Educational Programs (2017). In situations in which deception may be ethically justifiable to maximize benefits and minimize harm, psychologists have a serious obligation to consider the need for, the possible consequences of, and their responsibility to correct any resulting mistrust or other harmful effects that arise from the use of such techniques. This standard does not apply when an intervention would violate confidentiality rights or when psychologists have been retained to review the work of another psychologist whose professional conduct is in question. If this Ethics Code establishes a higher standard of conduct than is required by law, psychologists must meet the higher ethical standard. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 10.01b, Informed Consent to Therapy. (1981). (1963). Washington, DC: Author. Their intent is to guide and inspire psychologists toward the very highest ethical ideals of the profession. When psychologists believe that there may have been an ethical violation by another psychologist, they attempt to resolve the issue by bringing it to the attention of that individual, if an informal resolution appears appropriate and the intervention does not violate any confidentiality rights that may be involved. Psychologists are committed to increasing scientific and professional knowledge of behavior and people's understanding of themselves and others and to the use of such knowledge to improve the condition of individuals, organizations, and society. (a) Psychologists take responsibility and credit, including authorship credit, only for work they have actually performed or to which they have substantially contributed. (a) Psychologists take reasonable steps to avoid harming their clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, organizational clients, and others with whom they work, and to minimize harm where it is foreseeable and unavoidable. 2.01 Boundaries of Competence (a) Psychologists refrain from initiating an activity when they know or should know that there is a substantial likelihood that their personal problems will prevent them from performing their work-related activities in a competent manner. (c) Psychologists make plans in advance to facilitate the appropriate transfer and to protect the confidentiality of records and data in the event of psychologists' withdrawal from positions or practice. Psychologists who engage in such activity after the two years following cessation or termination of therapy and of having no sexual contact with the former client/patient bear the burden of demonstrating that there has been no exploitation, in light of all relevant factors, including (1) the amount of time that has passed since therapy terminated; (2) the nature, duration, and intensity of the therapy; (3) the circumstances of termination; (4) the client's/patient's personal history; (5) the client's/patient's current mental status; (6) the likelihood of adverse impact on the client/patient; and (7) any statements or actions made by the therapist during the course of therapy suggesting or inviting the possibility of a posttermination sexual or romantic relationship with the client/patient. (b) When research participation is a course requirement or an opportunity for extra credit, the prospective participant is given the choice of equitable alternative activities. 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