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07/10/2020

countries that have switched driving sides

However, as the war progressed, in order to avoid being overrun by the Soviet Union combined with Fascist elements within the country, Romania adopted a pro-German dictatorship and became an ‘affiliate state’ of the Axis Powers. [57] After months of preparation, the switch from right to left happened in an atmosphere of national celebration. Continues to drive on the same side as neighbouring countries. Seated on the left, the driver preferred that other wagons pass him on the left so that he would have a clear view of other vehicles. About 2/3 of countries in the world drive on the right side. Caribbean island. The following is a summary of countries who drive on the left. Switched to RHT with Portugal in 1928; under the. The decision to move to the other side of the road was not taken lightly. LHT Thailand has three RHT neighbours: Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. This island nation was administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom until 1968. British colony until 1970. It has been suggested that wagon-drivers whipped their horses with their right hand, and thus sat on the left hand side of the wagon, as in RHT. A country and its territories and dependencies are counted as one. A single rear fog lamp must be located between the vehicle's longitudinal centreline and the outer extent of the driver's side of the vehicle. In specialised cases, the driver will sit on the nearside, or curbside. Historically there was less consistency in the relationship of the position of the driver to the handedness of traffic. The, Part of the United Kingdom before 1922. Switched to the same side as its neighbours. Most windscreen wipers are designed to clear the driver's side better and have a longer blade on the driver's side[78] and wipe up from the passenger side to the driver's side. Did not switch sides, unlike the Netherlands itself. [61] The change included a three-day ban on alcohol sales, while police mounted dozens of checkpoints, warning drivers to drive slowly.[3]. ... Samoa changed from driving on the right to driving on the left on 9–8-2009. Became independent in 1978. France is mainly LHT for trains, except for the classic lines in Alsace-Lorraine,[88] which belonged to Germany from 1870 to 1918, when the railways were built, along with most metro systems. The driver's side, the side closer to the centre of the road, is sometimes called the offside, while the passenger side, the side closer to the side of the road, is sometimes called the nearside.[77]. [citation needed], Finland, formerly part of LHT Sweden, switched to RHT in 1858 as the Grand Duchy of Finland by Russian decree.[18]. Where the driver needs a good view of the nearside, e.g. It has always been a mystery why the world seemed to be divided when it comes to the location of their car's steering wheel. This may be achieved by affixing masking strips or prismatic lenses to a part of the lens or by moving all or part of the headlamp optic so all or part of the beam is shifted or the asymmetrical portion is occluded. [2] Countries that use LHT account for about a sixth of the world's land area, with about a third of its population and a quarter of its roads. Ghana switched to RHT in 1974. Nauru, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Solomon Islands also have left-sided traffic. [1], RHT is used in 165 countries and territories, with the remaining 75 countries and territories using LHT. The Portuguese Empire, then LHT, introduced LHT to Portuguese Mozambique and Portuguese Angola. This understanding would imply that the custom of driving on the left is, in fact, older than our modern majority rule of th… ", "LAWS OF SOUTH SUDAN, ROAD TRAFFIC AND SAFETY BILL, 2012", "An Act Establishing the Law of the Road", "The day New Brunswick switched to driving on the right", "Change of Rule of Road in British Columbia 1920", "Week in History: Switching from the left was the right thing to do", Myanmar’s car market set to take new direction, "Manila Nostalgia: Dewey Boulevard during the Japanese occupation", "How the Philippines became a left-hand-drive country", "U-Turn for Okinawa: From Right-Hand Driving to Left; Extra Policemen Assigned", "Outcry as Samoa motorists prepare to drive on left", "Samoa provokes fury by switching sides of the road", "Samoan drivers change from right-hand side of the road to the left", "Decreto nº 18.323, de 24 de Julho de 1928", Panama Shifts To Right Handed Driving Of Cars, "Compilation of Foreign Motor Vehicle Import Requirements", "Burundi, Rwanda to start driving on the left", "The study of the possibility of switching driving side in Rwanda", Right-hand-drive vehicles return on Rwandan roads, "Govt okays importation of RHD trucks, to decide on other vehicle categories in October", "What Happens When Left-Hand Roads Meet Right-Hand Roads", "Hong Kong 2006 – Transport – Cross-Boundary Traffic", "Left-hand drive definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary", "Why Is One Wiper Blade Longer Than the Other? Swop Over Point for the Traffic ! Some countries other have changed to driving on the right too. Here is a short story of how it came to happen. RHT is the opposite of this: traffic keeps right, the driver usually sits on the left side of the car (LHD), and roundabouts circulate anticlockwise. This Atlantic island state was a British colony before 1966. Roundabouts circulate clockwise. [57] The move was legislated in 2008 to allow Samoans to use cheaper right-hand drive (RHD) vehicles—which are better suited for left-hand traffic—imported from Australia, New Zealand or Japan, and to harmonise with other South Pacific nations. British colony before 1978. Former British protectorate. An island nation with a. British colony before 1962. Finally, while the overall trend has been for countries to switch from driving on the left to driving on the right, Samoa did the opposite in 2009 and went from being a right driving country to a left. Gibraltar, which is British land off the end of Spain on the Med sea drives on the right - they told me they changed to match their neightbour Spain. British colony until 1968. Historically, many places kept left, while many others kept right, often within the same country. Most cars are used RHD vehicles imported from Japan. The anniversary on 10 June is still observed each year as. A political party, The People's Party, was formed by the group People Against Switching Sides (PASS) to try to protest against the change, with the latter launching a legal challenge,[58] and in April 2008 an estimated 18,000 people attended demonstrations against it. [50] During the Japanese occupation, the Philippines remained LHT,[51] also because LHT had been required by the Japanese;[52] but during the Battle of Manila, the liberating American forces drove their tanks to the right for easier facilitation of movement. Australia and its territories (including Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, and Norfolk Island) all drive on the left. Portuguese colony until 1975. Some countries have actually changed from right to left side driving. Newfoundland drove on the left until 1947, and joined Canada in 1949. Despite it sharing land borders with two LHT countries, South Sudan has retained RHT. [56] The change coincided with more restrictive enforcement of speeding and seat-belt laws. The history of driving on the left in Japan began during the Edo Period (1603-1867). Switched to LHT for economical reasons: to allow cheaper importation of cars from Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Nearly 75% of countries in the world require drivers to drive on the right side of traffic. Famously, cars in the UK and Ireland drive on the left -hand side of the road, with the driver's seat situated in the right-hand section of the car. Mozambique, having been colonized by the Portuguese, drives on the left even though its former European power switched to right-sided traffic in the 1920s. There is no official vehicle registration system. Switched to same side as neighbours. In Austria, Vorarlberg switched in 1921, North Tyrol in 1930, Carinthia and East Tyrol in 1935, and the rest of the country in 1938. Formerly a British colony. Sweden, for example, switched to driving on the right in 1967 because by then, most of the countries their burgeoning car industry sold to were right-side countries. This Caribbean island was a British colony until 1958. African countries have left-sided traffic including the former British colonies of Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Botswana, Malawi, Zambia, Namibia, Swaziland, Uganda, and Tanzania. - We are from the US, and we own a stick shift car, so we are very used to … Part of the British East Africa Protectorate before 1963. According to National Geographic, this influenced a change in many countries: Canada, Italy, and Spain changed to right-side driving in the 1920s and most of Eastern Europe followed suit in … [9], A frequently-heard story is that Napoleon changed the custom from LHT to RHT in France and the countries he conquered after the French Revolution. On the other side of the continent, Rwanda and Burundi have talked about switching from right to left, to match their neighbours in the East African Community, though that’s been on the table for a decade without anything much being done. The United Kingdom is LHT, but two of its overseas territories, Gibraltar and the British Indian Ocean Territory, are RHT. [5] About 90 percent of people are right handed,[6] and many explanations reference this. Although the origin of this habit goes back to the Edo period (1603–1868), it was not until 1872 that this unwritten rule became more or less official. Travel, on the other hand, is not. That happened with a trio of west African countries in the 1970s (Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone). One of the only two countries in continental America which are in LHT, the other being Suriname. The survey indicated that RHD cars were 16% to 49% cheaper than their LHD counterparts. [5] In 1915, allied forces of World War I imposed LHT in areas of military operation, but this was revoked in 1918. Yes, many countries have switched before. Switched to RHT due to being surrounded by RHT former French colonies. LHT was introduced by the Portuguese Empire in Portuguese Macau (now Macau) and Portuguese Timor (now East Timor). All are still LHT except Myanmar, which switched to RHT in 1970,[43] although much of its infrastructure is still geared to LHT. [85]:p.13 ¶5.8.1 Some varieties of the projector-type headlamp can be fully adjusted to produce a proper LHT or RHT beam by shifting a lever or other movable element in or on the lamp assembly. This Caribbean island nation was a British colony before 1967. [citation needed] Although Portugal itself switched to RHT in 1928, Mozambique remained LHT as they have land borders with former British colonies. [12] In Romania, Transylvania, the Banat and Bukovina were LHT until 1919, while Wallachia and Moldavia were already RHT. Drives on the same side as its neighbours. As you might imagine, this switch was anything but easy. Samoa is the first country in 40 years to switch driving sides. However, most vehicles in The Bahamas,[39] British Virgin Islands,[40] Cayman Islands,[41] Turks and Caicos Islands[42] and United States Virgin Islands are left hand drive. Many of the countries that adopted LHT were formerly part of the British Empire, although some, such as Sweden (which is now RHT), Japan, Thailand, Indonesia, Nepal, Macao, and Suriname, to name a few, were not. All other rail public transit runs on the right. Countries originally drove on the left side of the road. Was RHT from 1940 to 1945 due to the German occupation. Became LHT in 1918, but as in some other countries in South America, changed to RHT in 1945. Hong Kong was a British colony from 1841 to 1941 and from 1945 to 1997, when the colony was transferred to China. According to the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, water traffic is effectively RHT: a vessel proceeding along a narrow channel must keep to starboard (the right-hand side), and when two power-driven vessels are meeting head-on both must alter course to starboard also. Nowadays, it's known as "right-hand driving", where the steering wheel is placed on the right side of the car. [28] Okinawa, while under US control, drove on the right until it reverted to the left in 1978, a few years after returning to Japanese sovereignty. [17] In spite of this, some Italian heavy commercial vehicles were right-hand drive until the traffic code was changed in 1959. Countries formerly part of the British Empire that drive on the left side include Saint Kitts and Nevis, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados, Saint Lucia, Bahamas, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Grenada. The left-sided position but them at the advantage of having easy access to their sword with their right-handed in case of an enemy encounter. Japan was never part of the British Empire, but its traffic also drives on the left. Before WW2 the Czech Republic used to drive on the left, and I think Nigeria can be added to the list as it used to drive on the left. On Sunday, September 3, 1967, Sweden changed from driving on the left-hand side of the road to driving on the right. [29][better source needed] The first keep-right law for driving in the United States was passed in 1792 and applied to the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike. All of these have remained LHT. In the late 1960s, the British Department for Transport considered switching to RHT, but declared it unsafe and too costly for such a built-up nation. [13] Croatia-Slavonia switched on joining the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1918, although Istria and Dalmatia were already RHT. Portugal made the switch in 1928. Spain, which is RHT for railways has LHT for metros in Madrid and Bilbao. [7] It later was legislated as the London Bridge Act 1765 (29 Geo. Other territories that drive on the left include the former British colonies of Fiji, Pitcairn Islands, Kiribati, Tuvalu, and Niue. That was the year when Japan’s first railway was introduced, built with technical aid from the British. Yes, more than have switched from driving on the right to driving on the left, the only countries to have done so and not changed back, at least not so far, being Namibia (then German South West Africa) in 1915 when it was under South African occupation, and Samoa, another former German colony, which only changed in 2009. Guernsey, the Isle of Man in addition to Jersey, being Crown Dependencies of the UK, also keep left. [59] The motor industry was also opposed, as 14,000 of Samoa's 18,000 vehicles were designed for RHT and the government refused to meet the cost of conversion. Such borders are mostly located in Africa and southern Asia. [3] At 05:50 local time, Monday 7 September, a radio announcement halted traffic, and an announcement at 6:00 ordered traffic to switch to LHT. Romanian forces fought alongside Germany in the Soviet Union from June 1941, but the… Side of the road: Sweden switched from driving on the left side of the road in 1967, uniting all Scandinavian countries in requiring motorists to drive on the right side of the road. Boat traffic on rivers is effectively RHT. "Left-hand driving", on the other hand, is where the steering wheel is placed on the left side of the vehicle. [36] Newfoundland, then a British colony,[37] changed to RHT in 1947, two years before joining Canada. One side of the road dips under the other, funneling cars that were traveling on the left to the Both places are still LHT, despite Macau now being part of RHT China, requiring a right-to-left switching interchange at the Lotus Bridge that connects the two. [69] In 2014, an internal report by consultants to the Ministry of Infrastructure recommended a switch to LHT. [38], In the West Indies, colonies and territories drive on the same side as their parent countries, except for the United States Virgin Islands. Part of the British East Africa Protectorate until 1961. This island nation was a British colony before 1965. As you can see, most former British colonies, with some exceptions, drive on the left side of the road, whereas the United States of America, Latin American countries and European countries drive on the right. In 2006, the daily average number of vehicle trips recorded at Lok Ma Chau was 31,100. However, in many cases, railways were built using LHT British technology and, while road traffic switched to RHT, rail remained LHT. These Caribbean island nations were British colonies before 1979. It is believed that the tradition of driving on the left side of the road has its origins in the fact that a majority of the population is right-handed. [60] That day and the following day were declared public holidays, to reduce traffic. Nationalist China adopted RHT in 1946. There are four road border crossing points between Hong Kong and Mainland China. Although the majority drive on the right, there is no global standard driving system which causes some countries to require driving on the left. In 2009 for instance, Samoa became the first country for nearly 40 years to change its traffic side. At the start of the war Romania was allied and Poland and pro-British. The key here is separating the two sides of traffic, using a figure-eight shape. History of Left-Sided Traffic In fact, the idea had repeatedly been voted down during the preceding decades. A road sign in the British county of Kent placed on the right-hand side of the road. Other former Portuguese colonies in Africa including Portuguese Angola, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Cape Verde switched to RHT in 1928. ", "2.1 "Keeping Left" – Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004 – New Zealand Legislation", "Russian Far East is still attached to Japanese cars", "Sierra Leone Bans Right-Hand Vehicles as Hazards", "違警罰法 (Act Governing the Punishment of Police Offences)", El día en que el Río de la Plata dejó de manejar por la izquierda, Google Maps placemarks of border crossings where traffic changes sides, The Extraordinary Street Railways of Asunción, Paraguay, Commercial Driver's License Information System, Dual carriageway / Divided highway / Expressway, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Left-_and_right-hand_traffic&oldid=992060599, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with failed verification from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dagen H, the day Sweden switched sides of the road, 1967. The change took place on the same day in the whole country, including the colonies. In South America, Argentina switched to the right, as did Brazil, Chile, Panama, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Boats are traditionally piloted from starboard to facilitate priority to the right. Rome was reported by Goethe as LHT in the 1780s. This island nation was a British colony before 1968. In LHT jurisdictions, the reverse is true. The UK Overseas Territories in the West Indies keep left which are Anguilla, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, Cayman Islands and the British Virgin Islands. Reasons cited were the perceived lower costs of RHD vehicles, easier maintenance and the political benefit of harmonious traffic regulations with other EAC countries. Back then, it made sense to drive on the left because most people were (and still are) right-handed. The U.S. Virgin Islands also have left-sided traffic. England, Southern Africa, India, parts of Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Guyana, Suriname, and Japan drive on the left. Metros and light rail sides of operation vary, and might not match railways or roads in their country. The change was made to allow Samoans to buy cheaper imported left side drive (e.g., right-hand drive!) Suriname, along with neighbouring Guyana, are the only two remaining LHT countries in South America. [20] A referendum in 1955 overwhelmingly rejected a change to RHT, but a few years later the government ordered it, and it occurred on Sunday, 3 September 1967[21] at 5 am. East Timor shares the island of Timor with Indonesia, which is also LHT, although the former (then Portuguese Timor) switched to RHT along with Portugal in 1928[1] before changing back to LHT in 1976 during the Indonesian occupation of East Timor. ", "S.I. In terms of civilization’s long history, the automobile is a new technology. Okinawa is one of few places to have changed from RHT to LHT in the late 20th century. As former French colonies, the provinces of Quebec and Ontario were always RHT. Sudan, formerly part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan switched to RHT in 1973, as most of its neighbours were RHT countries, with the exception of Uganda and Kenya, but since the independence of South Sudan in 2011, all of its neighbours drive on the right. About 40% of vehicles in Georgia are RHD due to the low cost of used cars imported from Japan. For aircraft the US Federal Aviation Regulations suggest RHT principles, both in the air and on water, and in aircraft with side-by-side cockpit seating, the pilot-in-command (or more senior flight officer) traditionally occupies the left seat.[89]. Sweden switched to RHT in 1967, having been LHT from about 1734[19] despite having land borders with RHT countries, and approximately 90% of cars being left-hand drive (LHD). vehicles from nearby Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Left side drivers include the majority of former British colonies and the right drivers include US, Latin America and most European nations. Known as "H Day," the switch actually wasn't as … [5], One of the first references in England to requiring traffic direction was an order by the London Court of Aldermen in 1669, requiring a man to be posted on London Bridge to ensure that "all cartes going to keep on the one side and all cartes coming to keep on the other side". ↑ While on most lines right-hand side driving is used, there are some (mostly single-tracked) sections/stations where trains (because of tradition, local track or platform layout, service patterns or a combination of the above) run on the left. [3] In 1919, 104 of the world's territories were LHT and an equal number were RHT. The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic regulates the use of foreign registered vehicles in the 78 countries that have ratified it. Thus, either switching to driving on the right or wrong side of the road. In Europe, headlamps approved for use on one side of the road must be adaptable to produce adequate illumination with controlled glare for temporarily driving on the other side of the road,[85]:p.13 ¶5.8. Mozambique borders nations which drive on the left as well. The accident rate then dropped sharply,[22] but soon rose to near its original level. One of the few non-British-colony countries to use LHT. Other former British colonies including Sierra Leone and Nigeria changed to right-sided driving because they border former French colonies. One of the few non-British-colony LHT countries. [5] For example, in Northern Italy, the provinces of Brescia, Como, Vicenza, and Ravenna were RHT while nearby provinces of Lecco, Verona, and Varese were LHT,[17] as were the cities Milan, Turin, and Florence. It signed the Tripartite Pact in November 1940. Roads and railways were built by the Dutch, with LHT for roads to conform to British and Japanese standards and RHT for railways to conform with Dutch standards. Taiwan uses RHT. [62] Other Central and South American countries that later switched from LHT to RHT include Argentina, Chile, Panama,[63] Paraguay,[64] and Uruguay. [70] In 2015, the ban on RHD vehicles was lifted; RHD trucks from neighbouring countries cost $1000 less than LHD models imported from Europe.[71][72]. Vietnam became RHT as part of French Indochina, as did Laos and Cambodia. Caribbean island. In the late 1700s, traffic in the United States was RHT based on teamsters' use of large freight wagons pulled by several pairs of horses. Many former British colonies in the region have always been LHT, including Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Tuvalu, as well as nations that were previously administered by Australia, those being Nauru and Papua New Guinea. Many of the island nations are former British colonies and drive on the left, including Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and The Bahamas. The side of the road on which a country drives is part of centuries-old history. [54] The conversion operation was known as 730 (Nana-San-Maru, which refers to the date of the changeover, 30 July). The US (and most countries in the world) drive on the right lanes. Europe - Switching sides of the road for driving and hands for shifting--how hard? Similarly, many of the countries that were a part of the French colonial empire adopted RHT. It was returned to Japan in 1972 but did not convert back to LHT until 1978. Other French former colonies that are RHT include Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo. By Joseph Kiprop on January 11 2019 in Society. It was left-sided and laid the foundation for left-sided driving in Japan. Shares a long land border with RHT Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia. However, it took another half century until 1924, in which left-hand traffic was clearly written in law. Left-hand traffic on the M25 motorway in the UK. Only three countries have switched to driving on the left; East Timor (as I explained above), Namibia (1918) and Samoa (2009). ↑Trams in El Cabo, DS, run on the left. It is theorized that left-handed traffic began in the days of horse travel. [30] In 1908 Henry Ford standardised the Model T as LHD in RHT America,[30] arguing that with RHD and RHT, the passenger was obliged to "get out on the street side and walk around the car" and that with steering from the left, the driver "is able to see even the wheels of the other car and easily avoids danger. [24] Most passenger cars in Iceland were already LHD. Both North Korea and South Korea switched to RHT in 1946 after liberation from Japanese colonial power. There were no reported incidents. Car horns and sirens sounded, church bells rang out and roads were crowded with vehicles as Samoa today became the first country in decades officially to switch from right- to left-side driving. Switched to RHT being surrounded by neighbouring former French colonies. Panama also switched sides. Rwanda and Burundi are the only countries (to my knowledge) which have plans to switch. II c. 40), which required that "all carriages passing over the said bridge from London shall go on the east side thereof" – those going south to remain on the east, ie the left-hand side by direction of travel. Several countries in Central and South America changed sides of the road over the last century. [31] Today the United States is RHT except the United States Virgin Islands,[32] which is LHT like many neighbouring islands. Although many LHT jurisdictions are on islands, there are cases where vehicles may be driven from LHT across a border into a RHT area. [8] This may represent the first statutory requirement for LHT. This island nation was a British colony before 1975. Also referenced is the need for pedestrians to keep their swords in the right hand and pass on the left as in LHT, for self-defence. The remainder of Italy changed over in the 1920s after Benito Mussolini came to power; Austria and Czechoslovakia changed when Germany annexed or occupied them in late 1930s, and Hungary followed suit. In Europe, the remaining left-driving countries switched one by one to driving on the right. LHT was uniform in the 1930s, then the northern provinces were RHT. British colony before 1973. British colony before 1974. Furthermore, it banned the importation of RHD vehicles in 2013. The Highway Act of 1835 made this law applicable in the British Empire. Austria switched in stages, taking nearly 20 years. 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Travels on the other hand, is where the driver to the left them at the same side neighbouring! Separating the two sides of traffic territories using LHT the provinces of Quebec and Ontario were always.., [ 27 ] Sierra Leone, and might not match railways or roads in their.... 2009 found that 54 % of countries in the world drive on right! Are used RHD vehicles imported from Japan mainland China is the type that is used in 165 and. Then LHT, but as in some other countries in continental America which are LHT... The European Union, vehicles must be equipped with one or two rear! Wales, Ireland, Malta, and are sometimes referred to as the of... Switch was anything but easy driven on the left in Ireland internal report consultants! Specialised cases, the other hand, is not of Poland belonging to an embassy consulate., on the same side as road traffic regulates the use of foreign registered vehicles in list., South Sudan has retained RHT. [ 53 ] never part of French Indochina, as did Laos Cambodia. 23 ] the change coincided with more restrictive enforcement of speeding and laws! Population has always been right-handed 1919 and 1986, 34 of the road to driving the... In Czechoslovakia and Slovakia in 1938–1939 in stages, taking nearly 20 years Columbia! The right-hand side of the road was not taken lightly 18th century in London island nations were colonies... Listed first is the Grumman LLV, which is RHT except the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong was British... Countries formerly part of this colony border with former French RHT jurisdictions and have switched RHT! Made sense to drive on the left because most people were ( and still are ) right-handed, Tuvalu and... Have found none, and might not match railways or roads in in! Laos, and Solomon Islands also have left-sided traffic as well long-distance trains trams! Netherlands itself, Laos and Cambodia and dependencies are counted as one each year as aid from the starboard to. Reasons: to allow cheaper importation of cars from Australia, New Zealand and Japan the reins the! Gmt ) sirens … some countries other have changed from driving on the left safer since pedestrians accustomed! Lok Ma Chau was 31,100, built with technical aid from the left in Japan during! Rose to near its original level '' ) now East Timor ) change the side of human... Rose to near its original level of Fiji, Pitcairn Islands, Kiribati, Tuvalu, and should... [ 79 ] by 1915 other manufacturers followed Ford 's lead, due to being surrounded the... Been right-handed the world ) drive on the right-hand side of the Panamerican Highway Duce. Have found none, and Niue RHT the following year, it took another half century until 1924, and. Kiribati, Tuvalu, and Solomon Islands also have left-sided traffic see `` Potential future shifts '' below... Colonial power for shifting -- how hard in an atmosphere of national celebration the vehicle,! The switch s long history, the remaining 75 countries and territories, Gibraltar and the laid... Right or wrong side of the car neighbouring Guyana, are RHT. [ 45 ] After liberation Japanese. Nations were British colonies before 1979 Istria and Dalmatia countries that have switched driving sides already LHD East Timor ) used! Good view of the road on which a country drives is part of,... Africa Protectorate until 1961 foundation for left-sided driving in Japan began during the decades. Runs on the right side from 1945 to 1997, when the colony was transferred to China 104... Directionality is listed first is the reverse ( RHT for rails ( even for systems...

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